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Charles Keeping Illustrating paintbox picture books

October 12, 2021

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Charles Keeping (1924-1988) an illustrator and lithographer, produced dynamic and emotive images. Born in Lambeth, South London, his secure and happy upbringing had an unusually important effect in shaping both the man and the artist. Entering a working class family, there was no obvious route for Charles to get into art school. He spent his childhood in a house that overlooked an active stable yard, and became a frequent and accurate observer of horses and carts. He attended the Frank Bryant School for Boys, in Kennington, leaving at the age of 14 to become apprentice to a printer.

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He joined the Royal Navy Army at the age of 18, and fought in the Second World War, serving as a wireless operator.  He received a head wound which he became convinced would make him become a Jekyll and Hyde figure, but after being institutionalised, he recovered.  Determined to pursue his love of drawing, he applied several times to study art at the Regent Street Polytechnic, but was unable to get a grant.  He kept on applying, supporting himself by reading gas meters, and continuing drawing in the evenings.  It was at the Regent Street Polytechnic (1946-52), where he met the designer and illustrator Renate Meyer, whom he later married. His books explore amazing roads into colour and texture, whilst dealing with solitary, often lonely figures in their tiny worlds.

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He took various jobs, including cartoonist on the Daily Herald, before starting work as a book illustrator. In 1956, he was commissioned by the Oxford University Press to illustrate stories for children written by Rosemary Sutcliffe, and with the encouragement of the doyenne of children’s book editors, Mabel George of OUP, was launched on a career which for three decades made him one of the best known and more prolific illustrators (1960-1980s). He made brilliant use of colour and the new printing techniques, using a mixture of gouache, tempera, watercolour and inks. He was an early enthusiast for Plasticowell, the grained plastic sheets designed by the printers, Cowells of Ipswich, for lithographic illustrations.

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Charles Keeping was always concerned with the lot of the working horse:  having been born in Lambeth, he was surrounded by them.  He wrote two picture books, Black Dolly and Sean and the Carthorse about ill-treated working horses, and one Richard, about a working police horse whose treatment is always fair.  Illustrating Black Beauty must have been something of a dream commission:  he dedicated his version “to all those concerned with the care and welfare of horses and ponies.”

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Keeping won the Kate Greenaway award for Charley, Charlotte and the Golden Canary (1967), and again for The Highwayman (1981); he was a prize-winner in the Francis Williams Award for Tinker, Tailor (1968), and for Kevin Crossley-Holland’s The Wildman (1976); and he won the Emil Award in 1987 for Jack the Treacle Eater. He became particularly well known for his work on historical novels for children, especially tales by Rosemary Sutcliff, which often depicted Vikings, men in battle or war situations. Or similarly for Leon Garfield books about ghosts, creatures from the dark and other sinister characters.

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His commitment to the immense project to illustrate the complete Dickens for the Folio Society was total, and he completed it just before his death on 16 May 1988. He became the first illustrator to complete a full edition of Dickens illustrated by a single artist. His wife Renate, also an artist, set up a website called The Keeping Gallery so that both of their work can be treasured.

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Have you ever seen such colour in books before ?

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Thanks to Matt for sending in these scans after seeing this post.

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Amazing use of rich shading and textures. Wonderful work Mr Keeping. You can find more on



6 Comments leave one →
  1. jed permalink
    October 12, 2021 10:27 am

    What Serendipity ! I’d always loved Keeping’s illustrations as a (60s) child and had several of his books. I was always drawn to those pictures at school and when I helped at the local childrens’ library…and then I’d sort of forgotten him until I went to a charity shop last week and there, on a top shelf, was a copy of ‘Cockney Ding Dong’; a book I’d bought as a Xmas present for my father when it was first published in 1975. It’s full of the most beautiful illustrations of traditional cockney songs and people, families singing and is part of the body of work that records and celebrates tradition and history of the East End of London e.g. Pearl Binder’s work about the East End and The Pearlies. Such lovely evocative work

    • October 12, 2021 10:31 am

      Thanks for sharing your memories Jed. It is funny how these things happen 🙂

  2. John De la Cruz permalink
    October 12, 2021 5:09 pm

    Nice article- I don’t know if you’re familiar with his work on Alfred Noyes’s narrative poem ‘The Highwayman’ very evocative & much used in the classroom.
    One minor caveat: Lambeth is very much in South London.

    • October 12, 2021 5:15 pm

      Thanks John, no I’ve not seen the illustrated poem sounds interesting and thanks for the geographical corrections… all sorted now : )

  3. Simone McLeod permalink
    November 3, 2021 9:11 pm

    Hello there Craig, once again I am just ‘Go Smacked’ an Australian term for Oh! My! Lord! … Thank you so much for introducing Charles Keeping to me what an Incredible Artist. I am now sourcing some of his illustrated Children’s books for my ever expanding Illustrated Children’s books, thanks to you!
    Thank You so much Once Again. Simone McLeod – (you may remember me as Simone McPherson, how many years has it been now? – I’ve moved into town, as the Drought broke my Heart. However with Nature it broke last December. Kind Regards)

    • November 8, 2021 10:49 am

      Hi and thanks Simone, glad to hear my blog is still inspiring you : )

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